Glycolysis

The first stage of respiratory carbon metabolism is a group of reactions by which hexose sugars undergo a partial oxidation to the three-carbon acid pyruvic acid or pyruvate. Occurrence: …

Incomplete Dominance

The seven characters in pea plants that Mendel chose to study extensively all exhibited dominance, but Mendel did realize that not all characters have traits that exhibit dominance. He …

Sex Chromosomes

Most animals and many plants show sexual dimorphism; in other words, individuals are either male or female. In most of these cases, sex is determined by a special pair …

Autosomal inheritance in humans

Human matings, like those of experimental organisms, show many examples of the inheritance patterns described above. Because controlled experimental crosses cannot be made with humans, geneticists must resort to …

RESPIRATION

AN OVERVIEW OF PLANT RESPIRATION Aerobic (oxygen-requiring) respiration is common to nearly all eukaryotic organisms, and in its broad outlines, the respiratory process in plants is similar to that …

C-4 Cycle

All plants do not follow the same Calvin cycle (C-3 pathway) in which first stable product of carbon fixation is PGA (3-C compound). In some plants the first stable …